In 1714, after death of Queen Anne, a distant relative of the Stewarts was summoned to take the English throne. George I of Hanover became the first in line of the house of Hanover, a dynasty whose rule was marked by the Enlightenment and the development of industrialism in Great Britain.
Famous personas frequented cafГ©s and pubs of the City, and the pub Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese, which is open to this day, had served Jonathan Swift and Friedrich Hendel. Isaak Newton is considered the most crucial player of the Enlightenment in England. The British Museum opened in 1753. England's economic potential had grown dramatically after the invention of steam engines. The 18th century London saw the establishment of gentelmen's clubs, many of which are still functional. In 1804 the first locomotive was created in England. Arts developed as well: the star of the famous actor Edmund Kean shone in the theatres of Covent Garden.
Industrial achievements of England were complemented by the country's military successes. In 1805 the English Royal Navy under the command of Admiral Lord Nelson defeated the French and Spanish navy in the battle of Trafalgar; Trafalgar Square with the Nelson column erected in its centre was named after the site of this important victory. The victory over Napoleon in the battle of Waterloo in 1815 made the Duke of Wellington a national hero. The museum devoted to the Duke has a world-famous address: London в„–1.
Starting in the 19th century, London had begun growing exponentially. In 1802 several docks were built, including the St. Katharine Dock: the port of London was a place of non-stop trade. In 1829 the first omnibus appeared on London streets. In 1836 the first railroad was laid from London to Greenwich, and the buildings of Parliament were joined by the trademark London sight, the Clock Tower with Big Ben.
The article by Irina Sukharnikova, translation by Ekaterina Ryabova; specially for Sweet Home Abroad