The third most important museum in Madrid, symbolically completing the Golden Triangle of Art, is the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, or Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, located along Paseo del Prado. It has opened after the agreement was reached between the Spanish government and the private collector, baron Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, in 1990, to make a permanent exhibition out of the exquisite art pieces Thyssen-Bornemisza had acquired throughout his life. The Thyssen-Bornemisza museum was inaugurated two years later. The Villahermosa palace, chosen as its home, dates back to the 17th century, and was remodelled by Rafael Moneo for the purposes of housing the priceless collection inside.
The Thyssen-Bornemisza collection is commonly cited to fill in the gaps unfilled by the Prado Museum and the Reina Sofia Museum. For instance, El Prado lacks Dutch, English and German masters, and Reina Sofia does not devote attention neither to Impressionists and Expressionists, nor to the American art of the 20th century. The Thyssen-Bornemisza museum, on the other hand, houses precious art by Vincent Van Gogh, Claude Monet, August Renoir, Edgar Degas, thus highlighting the masters of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, as well as exhibiting pieces from early Italian artists, Baroque and Renaissance, works by Caravaggio, Rubens, Rembrandt, Domenico Ghirlandaio.
In 2004, the museum added a new adjacent building to its original one, allowing more space to showcase the collection of the baroness Thyssen-Bornemisza, Carmen. From the architectural point of view, the physical connection between the new galleries, the first and the second floor, allows visitors to pass through one building to the other, leading them along a harmonious and logically organized itinerary of maximum appreciation of both Thyssen-Bornemisza collections.
The Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum is open Tuesdays to Sundays from 10:00 to 19:00. Mondays, visits from 12:00 to 16:00 are free. The museum is closed on January 1, May 1, and December 25.