The district of Nou Barris is located on the northeastern side of Barcelona, bordering with Sant Andreu on the east and Horta GuinardГі on the west. Nou Barris, translated from Catalan simply as "Nine neighbourhoods", has formed during the 20th century, but since 1984 has been comprised of 13 neighbourhoods instead of 9. These include: Vilapicina i la Torre Llobeta; Porta; el TurГі de la Peir; Can Peguera; la Guineueta; Canyelles; les Roquetes; Verdun; la Prosperitat; la Trinitat Nova; Torre BarГі; Ciutat Meridiana; Vallbona.
Nou Barris is the most multicultural district in Barcelona with the highest percentage of immigrants from Ecuador, Pakistan and the Philippines settling down here. Nou Barris also has the largest Roma (gipsy) population in the city. The district has the most affordable housing in Barcelona, both rental and for sale. One of its neighbourhoods, Can Peguera, has the lowest income index (38,4) in Barcelona, but some (Vilapicina i la Torre Llobeta and Canyelles in particular) are relatively well-to-do.
Nou Barris has several interesting sights, the main one undoubtedly being the former mental hospital, Institut Mental de la Santa Creu, built in 1886-1915 by Josep Oriol Bernadet. The hospital remained operational up until 1986. Today, its beautiful buildings are used by the district counsel of Nou Barris, the district library (la Biblioteca Popular de Nou Barris), and by several centres of assistance to residents. Nou Barris also has Parque Central de Nou Barris, one of the largest parks in Barcelona, that opened in 1999.